Friday, May 20 2022
Public administration, sociology and political science, and international relations are among the popular optional subjects pursued by aspiring UPSC for a long time.

According to the annual reports of the UPSC, whatever their university education, most candidates choose subjects in the Humanities stream. There has been a decline in the number of aspirants opting for public administration.

Obviously, there is a variation in the number of applicants choosing public administration as an optional subject from 2009 to 2017. According to the data, applicants who stood against Commission recommendations between 2009 and 2017 noted a fluctuation. The highest number of candidates opting for public administration was in 2012. A total of 7077 candidates chose the subject while in 2017 only 1165 aspirants chose public administration as an optional subject in the UPSC exam.


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Program success trend

Shri Prakash Singh, a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Delhi, told Education Times that most students choose optional subjects in the civil service based on the pass rate in previous years.

“Public administration, which is treated as a separate subject in UPSC, is a sister subject of political science. Students are more inclined to the subject which has a high pass rate, ”explains Singh, adding that the increase in the number of candidates in political science is a loss for public administration because the two are interdependent.

“Very few Indian universities offer public administration as a separate discipline at the undergraduate level, which could be another reason for the decline in the number of applicants for this subject,” Singh explains.

Conservative marking

T Yadagiri Rao, Chairman of the Studies Council, Department of Public Administration and Human Resources Management, Kakatiya University, Warangal, Telangana, said that compared to other optional subjects, academics involved in preparation and assessment questions followed a conservative scoring system. “The Commission must call on contemporary professors to change the perspective on the subject among aspiring UPSCs. The old school people follow the traditional and rigorous grading system, which could be another reason why the number of applicants is lower, ”says Rao.

Regarding the limited availability of public administration as a subject at the MU level, Rao says government apathy is the main reason. “They don’t pay attention to promoting and publicizing the program. Probably, they find it less lucrative to generate funds because these courses are not expensive, ”adds Rao.

Yogesh Kumar Rai, Assistant Professor, Center of Russian Studies, School of Language Literature and Culture Studies, JNU, believes that UPSC must have a dynamic and efficient pool of human resources capable of dealing with the scheme, model, structure and evaluation. exams.

The program and perspective, says Rai, has changed a lot over the past 10 years. “Due to increasing competition, a high score may help you pass the exam. In some science subjects, candidates may end up getting 100% marks. On the other hand, the marks obtained by a candidate in the humanities, to a certain extent, depend on the subjectivity of the evaluators.

Lately, there has been a dynamic change in the public administration agenda, but the UPSC probably hasn’t made many changes in its panel, which has followed a conservative scoring system, ”says Rai. He adds that a compulsory dissertation on the basics of public administration can be introduced as part of general studies because it is important that future administrators become familiar with the subject.

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